The first Somali migrants came to Finland in the early 1990s. Today, the Somali-speaking community is the fourth largest migrant group after Russian, Estonian, and Arabic-speaking communities. Finland is home to 21,000 Somali-speaking individuals, with around 80 % of them living in the capital region. Traditionally family sizes are large in the Somali population, but during the 2000s the fertility rate has decreased. Regardless of the discrimination Somalis and other migrants of African origin face both in the job market and in their everyday life, Somalis reported being content in their quality of life. Due to the civil war destroying the chance to comprehensibly start and finish basic education in Somalia, a portion of Somalis are illiterate. It is hard to estimate the total number of illiterate individuals in Finland, but 6 % of Somali-speaking respondents indicated illiteracy .